Leo – David Malin
Leo – David Malin©

by Gerald Rezes

The Vernal Equinox arrives at 7:34 am (PDT) on March 20, 2022. The winter constellations are sinking into the west as the ones for spring are rising in the east. Spring constellations seem to lack the intensity of the winter ones but here are a few to keep in mind.

First off is Ursa Major which contains the more familiar asterism “The Big Dipper” (both not in the illustration). The Big Dipper is a familiar site to northern observers and offers several pointers to interesting objects. The two stars of the dipper point to Polaris the North Star. Just below the last star in the handle is M51, the brilliant Whirlpool Galaxy which is actually in the constellation Canes Venatici. Finally, in the handle, a test of eyesight, the middle “star” actually consists of two stars: Alcor and Mizar both are multiple star systems themselves. The Big Dipper’s handle curve suggests a great path to several bright Spring stars. Following the handle’s arc, the first bright star is Arcturus in Boötes followed by Spica in Virgo.

Moon Phases

  • Mar. 24 – Last Quarter
  • Mar. 31 – New Moon
  • Apr. 8 – First Quarter
  • Apr. 16 – Full Moon
  • Apr. 23 – Last Quarter
  • Apr. 30 – New Moon
  • May 8 – First Quarter
  • May 15 – Full Moon
  • May 22 – Last Quarter
  • May 30 – New Moon
  • Jun. 7 – First Quarter
  • Jun. 14 – Full Moon
  • Jun. 20 – Last Quarter
  • (Source: Griffith Observatory)

Leo is probably one of the more familiar spring constellations. Leo is made up of a triangular grouping of stars for the lion’s hindquarters while the lion’s head and mane are represented by the backward question mark. The bright star Regulus marks the “period” in the question mark.

Hydra is one of the fainter constellations but is actually the largest. Look for the serpent’s circular head in the west, just ahead of Leo, and the body winding its way down and to the east until it stops just under Spica.

Messier Marathon

There are 110 astronomical objects cataloged by Charles Messier. In spring particularly at the end of March, northern hemisphere observers are in the position to attempt to obverse all 110 Messier objects in one night. The Messier Marathon is possible only at this time when the sun is positioned such that it is not obscuring any objects. Go about and try to find as many M numbers as you can. I personally like M104, the Sombrero Galaxy, a challenging object to spot from a suburban backyard.


  • Mercury starts as a morning star then transitions to the evening. It is at its greatest eastern elongation by May 1.
  • Venus is the morning star for spring. Throughout spring it aligns with Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn occationally joined by the moon.
  • Mars is a morning planet throughout spring.
  • Jupiter is a morning planet. On April 30, it is near Venus for a close pairing.
  • Saturn is a morning planet with a close pairing with Venus in late March and Mars in early April.
  • Uranus is too close to the Sun to observe. It is moving to the morning sky.
  • Neptune is a moring planet with a close encounter with Venus on April 27.
  • Pluto is in Sagittarius and is a morning planet.
  • Ref: https://stellarium-web.org & https://theskylive.com/pluto-info

Meteor Showers

  • The Lyrids peak on Apr. 21-22.
  • The Eta Aquarids peak on May 5-6.

Last Updated on October 6, 2021